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Comment Styler les Boutons avec CSS

Les boutons stylés aident à créer des sites web cool. Il y a plusieurs style que vous pouvez appliquer aux boutons. Voici le guide pour styler des boutons.

1. Créez <button>.

Au début, créez un élément <button>.

<button type="button">Submit</button>
Beaucoup de développeurs utilisent également les balises suivantes: <a>, <input>, <span> ou <div>.

2. Stylez votre bouton.

Alors, maintenant on va appliquer des styles à notre boutons en utilisant une classe.
button {
  display: inline-block;
  background-color: #7b38d8;
  border-radius: 10px;
  border: 4px double #cccccc;
  color: #eeeeee;
  text-align: center;
  font-size: 28px;
  padding: 20px;
  width: 200px;
  -webkit-transition: all 0.5s;
  -moz-transition: all 0.5s;
  -o-transition: all 0.5s;
  transition: all 0.5s;
  cursor: pointer;
  margin: 5px;
}

3. Stylez l'état de survol.

Votre troisième étape est styler l'état de survol pour donnerun feedback visuel à l'utilisateur quand l'état du bouton change.

button:hover {
  background-color: green;
}

Maintenant voyons un exemple interessant en utilisant un élément <button>:

Exemple

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Titre du document</title>
    <style>
      button {
        display: inline-block;
        background-color: #7b38d8;
        border-radius: 10px;
        border: 4px double #cccccc;
        color: #eeeeee;
        text-align: center;
        font-size: 28px;
        padding: 20px;
        width: 200px;
        transition: all 0.5s;
        cursor: pointer;
        margin: 5px;
      }
      button span {
        cursor: pointer;
        display: inline-block;
        position: relative;
        transition: 0.5s;
      }
      button span:after {
        content: "\00bb";
        position: absolute;
        opacity: 0;
        top: 0;
        right: -20px;
        transition: 0.5s;
      }
      button:hover {
        background-color: #f7c2f9;
      }
      button:hover span {
        padding-right: 25px;
      }
      button:hover span:after {
        opacity: 1;
        right: 0;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h2>Boutons de style</h2>
    <button>
      <span>Envoyer</span>
    </button>
  </body>
</html>

Voyons des autres exemples des boutons stylés:

Dans l'exemple suivant, nous utilisons un élément <span>.

Exemple

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Titre du document</title>
    <style>
      body {
        background: #560059;
        color: #eeeeee;
        font-family: Arial;
        font-size: 16px;
      }
      .wrapper {
        margin: 80px auto;
        text-align: center;
        width: 100%;
        position: relative;
      }
      .button {
        padding: 15px 100px;
        margin: 10px 4px;
        color: #eee;
        font-family: sans-serif;
        text-transform: uppercase;
        text-align: center;
        position: relative;
        text-decoration: none;
        display: inline-block;
        border: 1px solid;
      }
      .button::before {
        content: "";
        position: absolute;
        top: 0;
        left: 0;
        display: block;
        width: 100%;
        height: 100%;
        z-index: -1;
        -webkit-transform: scaleY(0.1);
        transform: scaleY(0.1);
        transition: all 0.4s;
      }
      .button:hover {
        color: #b414ba;
      }
      .button:hover::before {
        opacity: 1;
        background-color: #f7c2f9;
        -webkit-transform: scaleY(1);
        transform: scaleY(1);
        transition: -webkit-transform 0.6s cubic-bezier(0.08, 0.35, 0.13, 1.02), opacity 0.4s;
        transition: transform 0.6s cubic-bezier(0.08, 0.35, 0.13, 1.02), opacity;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div class="wrapper">
      <span class="button">Bouton 1</span>
      <span class="button">Bouton 2</span>
    </div>
  </body>
</html>

Dans l'exemple suivant, nous utilisons l'élément <a>.

Exemple

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Titre du document</title>
    <style>
      body {
        background: #3b0044;
        color: #6098ff;
        font-family: sans-serif;
        font-size: 16px;
      }
      .wrapper {
        margin: 80px auto;
        text-align: center;
        width: 100%;
        position: relative;
      }
      .button {
        padding: 15px 100px;
        margin: 10px 4px;
        color: #ffffff;
        font-family: sans-serif;
        text-transform: uppercase;
        text-align: center;
        position: relative;
        text-decoration: none;
        display: inline-block;
      }
      .button {
        border: 1px solid transparent;
        -webkit-transition: all 0.4s cubic-bezier(0.5, 0.24, 0, 1);
        transition: all 0.4s cubic-bezier(0.5, 0.24, 0, 1);
      }
      .button::before {
        content: "";
        position: absolute;
        left: 0px;
        bottom: 0px;
        z-index: -1;
        width: 0%;
        height: 1px;
        background: #003177;
        box-shadow: inset 0px 0px 0px #b6cdef;
        display: block;
        -webkit-transition: all 0.4s cubic-bezier(0.5, 0.24, 0, 1);
        transition: all 0.4s cubic-bezier(0.5, 0.24, 0, 1);
      }
      .button:hover::before {
        width: 100%;
      }
      .button::after {
        content: "";
        position: absolute;
        right: 0px;
        top: 0px;
        z-index: -1;
        width: 0%;
        height: 1px;
        background: #a9c1e8;
        -webkit-transition: all 0.4s cubic-bezier(0.7, 0.25, 0, 1);
        transition: all 0.4s cubic-bezier(0.7, 0.25, 0, 1);
      }
      .button:hover::after {
        width: 100%;
      }
      .button:hover {
        border-left: 1px solid #b6cdef;
        border-right: 1px solid #6098ff;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div class="wrapper">
      <a href="#" class="button">Bouton 1</a>
      <a href="#" class="button">Bouton 2</a>
    </div>
  </body>
</html>

Maintenant, utilisons l'élément <button> dans notre exemple:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Titre du document</title>
    <style>
      .container {
        position: absolute;
        top: 10%;
      }
      .button {
        border: none;
        display: block;
        text-align: center;
        cursor: pointer;
        text-transform: uppercase;
        outline: none;
        overflow: hidden;
        position: relative;
        color: #eeeeee;
        font-weight: 600;
        font-size: 15px;
        background-color: #153f00;
        padding: 15px 50px;
        margin: 0 auto;
      }
      .button span {
        position: relative;
        z-index: 1;
      }
      .button:after {
        content: "";
        position: absolute;
        left: 0;
        top: 0;
        height: 470%;
        width: 140%;
        background: #52b71f;
        -webkit-transition: all 0.5s ease-in-out;
        transition: all 0.5s ease-in-out;
        -webkit-transform: translateX(-100%) translateY(-25%) rotate(45deg);
        transform: translateX(-100%) translateY(-25%) rotate(45deg);
      }
      .button:hover:after {
        -webkit-transform: translateX(-9%) translateY(-25%) rotate(45deg);
        transform: translateX(-9%) translateY(-25%) rotate(45deg);
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h2>Bouton de style</h2>
    <div class="container">
      <button type="button" class="button">
        <span>Survoler!</span>
      </button>
    </div>
  </body>
</html>

Un exemple de plus avec l'élément <button> :

Exemple

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Titre du document</title>
    <style>
      body {
        font-size: 60%;
        background: #00abb7;
      }
      .container {
        padding: 50px;
      }
      button,
      button::after {
        -webkit-transition: all 0.3s;
        -moz-transition: all 0.3s;
        -o-transition: all 0.3s;
        transition: all 0.3s;
      }
      button {
        background: none;
        border: 4px solid #fff;
        border-radius: 10px;
        color: #fff;
        display: block;
        font-size: 1.6em;
        font-weight: bold;
        margin: 10px auto;
        padding: 2em 6em;
        position: relative;
        text-transform: uppercase;
      }
      button::before,
      button::after {
        background: #fff;
        content: "";
        position: absolute;
        z-index: -1;
      }
      button:hover {
        color: #29f2e4;
      }
      .button1::after {
        height: 0;
        left: 0;
        top: 0;
        width: 100%;
      }
      .button1:hover:after {
        height: 100%;
      }
      .button2::after {
        height: 100%;
        left: 0;
        top: 0;
        width: 0;
      }
      .button2:hover:after {
        width: 100%;
      }
      .button3::after {
        height: 0;
        left: 50%;
        top: 50%;
        width: 0;
      }
      .button3:hover:after {
        height: 100%;
        left: 0;
        top: 0;
        width: 100%;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div class="container">
      <button type="button" class="button1">Bouton 1</button>
      <button type="button" class="button2">Bouton 2</button>
      <button type="button" class="button3">Bouton 3</button>
    </div>
  </body>
</html>

Maintenant, utilisons un élément <input> dans notre exemple:

Exemple

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Titre du document</title>
    <style>
      input {
        padding: 15px 100px;
        margin: 10px 4px;
        cursor: pointer;
        text-transform: uppercase;
        text-align: center;
        position: relative;
      }
      input:hover {
        opacity: 0.5;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <input type="button" value="Bouton" />
  </body>
</html>
Trouvez-vous cela utile?